HomeImportant DaysGlobal Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day – October 21, 2023

Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day – October 21, 2023

Global Iodine Deficiency Prevention Day is observed on October 21 every year. The day aims to raise public awareness of the critical function iodine plays in human health. Iodine is a micronutrient and is mandated for appropriate thyroid function, and for healthy growth and development.

Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day – History

In the 19th century, The discovery of iodine took place. the extracting sodium salts for use in the production of gunpowder in 1811, Bernard Courtois, a French chemist, found an unusual purple vapour rising from seaweed ash treated with sulphuric acid.

A French chemist Gaspard Adolphe Chatin became the first to release the notion of population iodine deficit as a reason for endemic goiter, which was initially proposed in 1852. In 1896, Eugen Baumann confirmed this and released a paper explaining the discovery of iodine within the thyroid gland. The world leaders decided to eliminate iodine deficiency by the year 2000 during the 1990 World Summit for Children.

Iodine and its importance:

Iodine is a mineral, found in animal protein and sea vegetables and, in fortified foods including bread, cereals, and milk. Iodine requires the thyroid hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine to make.

Iodine Deficiency Disorders:

Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) can cause the full clinical spectrum of disease. It can affect the production of thyroid hormones and can also affect the muscle, heart, liver, kidney and the developing brain.

  • Inadequate intake of iodine during pregnancy and infancy results in neurological and psychological deficits.
  • It reduces a child’s Intelligence quotient (IQ) by 8 to 10 points.

IDD Prevention in India:

In 1992, The National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP) was a government initiative launched, aimed at addressing the widespread issue of iodine deficiency in the country. In 1962, The extended version of the program National Goitre Control Programme (NGCP) was started.

The National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP) aims to get a target prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) below 5% in India.

What is the Iodised salt:

Indian Govt banned the sale of non-iodized salt for direct human consumption in India, effective from May 2006, aimed at promoting the use of iodized salt.

Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day – Dates

YearDateDay
2023October 21Saturday
2024October 21Monday
2025October 21Tuesday
2026October 21Wednesday
2027October 21Thursday

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