HomeImportant DaysRepublic Day 2024: Date, History and Significance

Republic Day 2024: Date, History and Significance

Republic Day 2024: Every year, Indians observe Republic Day which is an important event in India’s history. Republic Day or 26th January commemorates the enactment of the constitution of India which came into effect on January 26th, 1950, and made the nation into a republic.

Republic Day is the day when the Republic of India commemorates and marks the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950. The Constitution of India took place the Government of India Act 1935 as the governing document of India, thus turning the nation from a dominion into a republic separate from the British Raj.

On 26 January 1950, the Indian Constituent Assembly adopted the constitution and came into effect on 26 January 1950. 26 January was selected as the date for Republic Day as it was on that day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.

READ | List of Chief Guests on Republic Day (1950-2024)

Republic Day 2024: History and Significance

India gained independence from the British Raj on 15 August 1947. The independence came through the Indian Independence Act of 1947 (10 & 11 Geo 6 c 30), an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth (later Commonwealth of Nations).

In 1950, the Indian constitution came into existence on 26th January. January 26 has been celebrated since 1950 as Republic Day in India. The Indian Constituent Assembly adopted the constitution on November 26, 1949, and came into effect 1 year later, on January 26th, 1950, India became a democratic government system.

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Republic Day 2024: Dates

2024January 26Friday
2025January 26Sunday
2026January 26Monday
2027January 26Tuesday
2028January 26Wednesday

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75th Republic Day parade at Kartavya Path

With the themes of ‘Viksit Bharat’ and ‘Bharat – Loktantra ki Matruka’, the 75th Republic Day Parade will be held at Kartavya Path on January 26, 2024. The parade would commence with the music of Sankh, Naadswaram, Nagada, etc. to be held by women artists.

The parade will begin at 10:30 hrs and run for a duration of approx. 90 minutes. The seating capacity at Kartavya Path is 77,000, of which 42,000 is reserved for the general public.

Chief Guest

French President Mr Emmanuel Macron will be the Chief Guest at 2024’s Republic Day Parade. A 95-member marching contingent and a 33-member band contingent from France will also take part in the parade. Along with the aircraft of the Indian Air Force, one Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) aircraft and two Rafale aircraft of the French Air Force will join the Fly-past.

Republic Day 2024: List of all Chief Guests on Delhi Republic Day Parades (1950–2024)

YearGuest NameCountry
1950President SukarnoIndonesia
1951King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah    Nepal
1952No invitation —
1953No invitation —
1954King Jigme Dorji WangchuckBhutan
1955Governor-General Malik Ghulam MuhammadPakistan
1956Chancellor of the Exchequer R. A. Butler
Chief Justice Kotaro Tanaka  
United Kingdom
1957Minister of Defence Georgy Zhukov  Soviet Union
1958Marshall Ye Jianying  China
1959Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip  United Kingdom
1960President Kliment VoroshilovUSSR
1961Queen Elizabeth IIUnited Kingdom
1962Prime Minister Viggo Kampmann  Denmark
1963King Norodom SihanoukCambodia
1964Chief of Defence Staff Lord Louis Mountbatten  United Kingdom
1965Food and Agriculture Minister Rana Abdul HamidPakistan
1966No invitationNo invitation
1967King Mohammed Zahir Shah  Afghanistan
1968Prime Minister Alexei KosyginUSSR
President Josip Broz TitoSFR Yugoslavia
1969Prime Minister of Bulgaria Todor ZhivkovBulgaria
1970King of the Belgians Baudouin  Belgium
1971President Julius NyerereTanzania
1972Prime Minister Seewoosagur RamgoolamMauritius
1973President Mobutu Sese SekoZaire
1974President Josip Broz TitoSFR Yugoslavia
Prime Minister Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias BandaranaikeSri Lanka
1975President Kenneth KaundaZambia
1976Prime Minister Jacques ChiracFrance
1977First Secretary Edward GierekPoland
1978President Patrick HilleryIreland
1979Prime Minister Malcolm FraserAustralia
1980President Valéry Giscard d’EstaingFrance
1981President José López PortilloMexico
1982King Juan Carlos ISpain
1983President Shehu ShagariNigeria
1984King Jigme Singye WangchuckBhutan
1985President Raúl AlfonsínArgentina
1986Prime Minister Andreas PapandreouGreece
1987President Alan GarcíaPeru
1988President Junius JayewardeneSri Lanka
1989General Secretary Nguyen Van LinhViet Nam
1990Prime Minister Anerood JugnauthMauritius
1991President Maumoon Abdul GayoomMaldives
1992President Mário SoaresPortugal
1993Prime Minister John MajorUnited Kingdom
1994Prime Minister Goh Chok TongSingapore
1995President Nelson MandelaSouth Africa
1996President Dr. Fernando Henrique CardosoBrazil
1997Prime Minister Basdeo PandayTrinidad and Tobago
1998President Jacques ChiracFrance
1999King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah DevNepal
2000President Olusegun ObasanjoNigeria
2001President Abdelaziz BouteflikaAlgeria
2002President Cassam UteemMauritius
2003President Mohammed KhatamiIran
2004President Luiz Inacio Lula da SilvaBrazil
2005King Jigme Singye WangchuckBhutan
2006King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud[Saudi Arabia
2007President Vladimir PutinRussia
2008President Nicolas SarkozyFrance
2009President Nursultan NazarbayevKazakhstan
2010President Lee Myung BakRepublic of Korea
2011President Susilo Bambang YudhoyonoIndonesia
2012Prime Minister Yingluck ShinawatraThailand
2013King of Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel WangchuckBhutan
2014Prime Minister Shinzo AbeJapan
2015President Barack ObamaUnited States
2016President François HollandeFrance
2017Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin ZayedUnited Arab Emirates
2018Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
Joko Widodo
Thongloun Sisoulith
Prime Minister Hun Sen
Najib Razak
President Htin Kyaw
Rodrigo Roa Duterte
Halimah Yacob
Prayuth Chan-ocha
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
2019President Cyril Ramaphosa  South Africa
2020President Jair BolsonaroBrazil
2021Prime Minister Boris Johnson (cancelled his visit)United Kingdom
2023President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi Egypt
2024President Emmanuel MacronFrance

Republic Day 2024: FAQs

Who hoisted the flag on Republic Day?

The Prime Minister of India hoists the flag.

Who is the father of democracy in India?

Mahatma Gandhi, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, and B.R. Ambedkar are considered to have planted the seeds of democracy in India.

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