HomeImportant DaysNational Pollution Prevention Day 2023: History, Significance

National Pollution Prevention Day 2023: History, Significance

National Pollution Control Day 2023: Every year, National Pollution Control Day is observed on December 2nd, aimed at raising awareness about the importance of controlling and reducing pollution to protect the environment and human health. It also marks the Bhopal gas tragedy of 1984, a catastrophic industrial accident that caused widespread death and environmental damage.

  • It also marks the memory of people who have lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas tragedy on 2nd December 1984. 
  • There is no doubt that Pollution has become a major problem that India, as well as the whole world, is fighting with Pollution issues. Pollution has various types such as solid, liquid or gas or any form of energy like heat, sound, etc. to the environment.

National Pollution Control Day 2023 Theme

The theme for National Pollution Control Day 2023 is “Sustainable Development for a Clean and Healthy Planet”, emphasizing the interconnectedness of environmental protection and sustainable development.

Important Days in December 2023: National and International Dates

National Pollution Control Day: Purpose or Objectives

  • The main purpose of this day is to make citizens aware of pollution and also to make them about the causes of the pollution such as water, air, soil, noise and affects the environment and obviously health.
  • Indian Govt has made various laws to fight pollution for eg Govt of Delhi planned to implement odd and even, that helped to decrease vehicles running on the road.

Why is National Pollution Control Day celebrated?

  • National Pollution Control Day is celebrated to control the Industrial disaster and to reduce the level of pollution and strict laws were made by the Government all over the world to control and prevent pollution.

How to reduce Pollution

  • Don’t burn waste in a crowded area
  • Do more plantations by opting for urban forests and green roofs
  • Don’t dump ot throw garbage or waste in rivers or water bodies.
  • By treating and managing solid waste
  • By reusing of waste pollution
  • By treating Electronic waste
  • Run Clean Development Mechanism Projects in Urban areas

List of Acts and Rules for controlling and preventing pollution in India.

  • Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1974
  • Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act of 1977
  • Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1981
  • Environment (Protection) Rules of 1986
  • Environment (Protection) Act of 1986
  • Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules of1989
  • Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1989
  • Manufacture, Storage, Import, Export & Storage of Hazardous Micro- Organisms Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells Rules of 1989
  • The National Environment Tribunal Act 1995
  • Chemical Accidents (Emergency, Planning, Preparedness, and Response) Rules of 1996
  • Bio-Medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1998
  • Recycled Plastics Manufacture & Usage Rules of 1999
  • Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation) Rules of 2000
  • Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules of 2000
  • Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 2000
  • Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules of 2001.
  • Maharashtra Bio-Degradable Garbage (Control) Ordinance of 2006
  • Environment Impact Assessment Notification of 2006.

Bhopal Gas Tragedy of 1984

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy was an industrial disaster that happened in Bhopal, MP, on the night of December 2, 1984. It was caused to the release of methyl isocyanate (MIC), a highly toxic gas, from the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant. 


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