Nobel Prize for Chemistry Winner List (1901-2022)

Nobel Prize for Chemistry Winner List (1901-2022)Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards  Nobel Prize for Chemistry in Stockholm “to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefits on mankind” in the field of Chemistry.  The Nobel prize for chemistry is one of the 6 categories of prizes according to the will of Swedish Inventor and industrialist Alfred Bernhard Nobel.

  • In 1901, The first Nobel prize in chemistry was honoured to Jacobus Henricus van’t Hoff for achieving the laws of chemistry dynamics and osmotic pressure.
  • In 2022, the Nobel prize for Chemistry have been presented to three laureates for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry, to Carolyn R. Bertozzi, Morten P. Medal, and K. Barry Sharpless.

List of Nobel Prize for Chemistry

YearLaureatesAchievements
1901Jacobus Henricus van ‘t HoffFor laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure
1902Emil FischerFor work on sugar and purine syntheses
1903Svante ArrheniusFor the theory of electrolytic dissociation
1904Sir William RamsayFor the discovery of inert gas elements and their places in the periodic system
1905Adolf von BaeyerFor work on organic dyes, hydroaromatic compounds
1906Henri MoissanFor the isolation of fluorine; the introduction of Moissan furnace
1907Eduard BuchnerFor the discovery of noncellular fermentation
1908Ernest RutherfordFor investigations into the disintegration of elements and the chemistry of radioactive substances
1909Wilhelm OstwaldFor pioneer work on catalysis, chemical equilibrium, and reaction velocities
1910Otto WallachFor pioneer work in alicyclic combinations
1911Marie CurieFor the discovery of radium and polonium; the isolation of radium
1912Victor GrignardFor the discovery of the Grignard reagents
1912Paul SabatierFor the method of hydrogenating organic compounds
1913Alfred WernerFor work on the linkage of atoms in molecules
1914Theodore William RichardsFor accurate determination of the atomic weights of numerous elements
1915Richard WillstätterFor pioneer research in plant pigments, especially chlorophyll
1918Fritz HaberFor the synthesis of ammonia
1920Walther Hermann NernstFor the work in thermochemistry
1921Frederick SoddyFor chemistry of radioactive substances; occurrence and nature of isotopes
1922Francis William AstonFor work with mass spectrograph; whole-number rule
1923Fritz Preglmethod of microanalysis of organic substances
1925Richard ZsigmondyFor elucidation of the heterogeneous nature of colloidal solutions
1926Theodor H.E. SvedbergFor work on dispersed systems
1927Heinrich Otto WielandFor researches into the constitution of bile acids
1928Adolf WindausFor constitution of sterols and their connection with vitamins
1994George A. Olahdevelopment of techniques to study hydrocarbon molecules
1995Paul Crutzenexplanation of processes that deplete Earth’s ozone layer
 1995Mario Molinaexplanation of processes that deplete Earth’s ozone layer
 1995F. Sherwood Rowlandexplanation of processes that deplete Earth’s ozone layer
1996Robert F. Curl, Jr.discovery of new carbon compounds called fullerenes
 1996Sir Harold W. Krotodiscovery of new carbon compounds called fullerenes
 1996Richard E. Smalleydiscovery of new carbon compounds called fullerenes
1997Paul D. Boyerexplanation of the enzymatic conversion of adenosine triphosphate
 1997Jens C. Skoudiscovery of sodium-potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatase
 1997John E. Walkerexplanation of the enzymatic conversion of adenosine triphosphate
1998Walter Kohndevelopment of the density-functional theory
 1998John A. Popledevelopment of computational methods in quantum chemistry
1999Ahmed H. Zewailstudy of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy
2000Alan J. Heegerdiscovery of plastics that conduct electricity
2000Alan G. MacDiarmiddiscovery of plastics that conduct electricity
2000Shirakawa Hidekidiscovery of plastics that conduct electricity
2001William S. Knowleswork on chirally catalyzed hydrogenation reactions
2001 Noyori Ryojiwork on chirally catalyzed hydrogenation reactions
2001K. Barry Sharplesswork on chirally catalyzed oxidation reactions
2002John B. Fenndevelopment of techniques to identify and analyze proteins and other large molecules
2002Tanaka Koichidevelopment of techniques to identify and analyze proteins and other large molecules
2002Kurt Wüthrichdevelopment of techniques to identify and analyze proteins and other large molecules
2003Peter Agrediscoveries regarding water channels and ion channels in cells
2003Roderick MacKinnondiscoveries regarding water channels and ion channels in cells
2004Aaron Ciechanoverdiscovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation
2004Avram Hershkodiscovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation
2004Irwin Rosediscovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation
2005Yves Chauvindevelopment of the metathesis method in organic synthesis
2005 Robert H. Grubbsdevelopment of the metathesis method in organic synthesis
2005Richard R. Schrockdevelopment of the metathesis method in organic synthesis
2006Roger D. Kornbergwork concerning the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription
2007Gerhard Ertlstudies of chemical processes on solid surfaces
2008Martin Chalfiediscovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP
2008Osamu Shimomuradiscovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP
2008Roger Y. Tsiendiscovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP
2009Venkatraman Ramakrishnanstudies of the structure and function of the ribosome
2009Thomas Steitzstudies of the structure and function of the ribosome
2009Ada Yonathstudies of the structure and function of the ribosome
2010Richard F. Heckdevelopment of techniques to synthesize complex carbon molecules
2010Negishi Ei-ichidevelopment of techniques to synthesize complex carbon molecules
2010 Suzuki Akiradevelopment of techniques to synthesize complex carbon molecules
2011Daniel Shechtmandiscovery of quasicrystals
2012Brian K. Kobilkastudies of G-protein-coupled receptors
2012Robert J. Lefkowitzstudies of G-protein-coupled receptors
2013Martin Karplusdevelopment of multiscale models for complex chemical systems
2013 Michael Levittdevelopment of multiscale models for complex chemical systems
2013Arieh Warsheldevelopment of multiscale models for complex chemical systems
2014Eric Betzigdevelopment of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
2014Stefan W. Helldevelopment of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
2014William E. Moernerdevelopment of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
2015Tomas Lindahlmechanistic studies of DNA repair
2015Paul Modrichmechanistic studies of DNA repair
2015Aziz Sancarmechanistic studies of DNA repair
2016Jean-Pierre Sauvagedesign and synthesis of molecular machines
2016J. Fraser Stoddartdesign and synthesis of molecular machines
2016Bernard Feringadesign and synthesis of molecular machines
2017Jacques Dubochetdevelopment of cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution
2017Joachim Frankdevelopment of cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution
2017Richard Hendersondevelopment of cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution
2018Frances Arnoldfirst directed evolution of enzymes
2018George P. Smithdevelopment of phage display, a method in which a bacteriophage can be used to evolve new proteins
2018Gregory P. Winterwork using the phage display method for the directed evolution of antibodies
2019John B. Goodenoughdevelopment of lithium-ion batteries
2019M. Stanley Whittinghamdevelopment of lithium-ion batteries
2019Yoshino Akiradevelopment of lithium-ion batteries
2020Emmanuelle Charpentierdevelopment of a method for genome editing
2020Jennifer Doudnadevelopment of a method for genome editing
2021Benjamin Listdevelopment of asymmetric organocatalysis
2021David W.C. MacMillandevelopment of asymmetric organocatalysis
2022Carolyn R. Bertozzidevelopment of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry
2022Morten P. Meldaldevelopment of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry
2022K. Barry Sharplessdevelopment of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry

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