National Cancer Awareness Day 2023: Every year, National Cancer Awareness Day is observed on 7th November in India every year since 2014 to create awareness about the second leading cause of death globally, Cancer. The day aims to raise public awareness about early detection, prevention, and treatment of cancer.
As per the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is the 2nd leading cause of death worldwide, designating nearly 1 in 6 deaths across the world. In 2020, the International Agency for Research on Cancer’s (IARC) World Cancer Report published by WHO said that Asia registers 49.3% of the total number of global cases of the deadly disease. The report also estimates that from 2020-2040, Asia will report an increase of 59.2% in new cases of the disease.
This day also marks the Birth anniversary of Madame Curie who was a prominent scientist remembered for her efforts and contribution to the battle against cancer. Scientist Marie Curie is known for her discovery of radium and polonium.
Date of National Cancer Awareness Day in India
- National Cancer Awareness Day in India is celebrated on November 7 every year.
National Cancer Awareness Day: History
- In India, The observation of the National Cancer Control Programme was begun in 1975 with the aim of establishing cancer treatment facilities in the country.
- In September 2014, The Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan announced National Cancer Awareness Day.
- Therefore in 2014, the day was observed for the first time and concentrates on the early detection and cure of cancer.
National Cancer Awareness Day 2023: Theme
- In 2023, the National Cancer Awareness Day theme is ‘Close the Care Gap,’ highlighting the importance of equitable cancer care for all.
- In 2022, the National Cancer Awareness Day theme was ‘Cancer Does Not Discriminate,’ marking that cancer affects everyone, regardless of age, gender, or social status.
- The Theme 2021 for World Cancer Day 2021 is “I Am and I Will” and will focus on empowering the call for personal commitment that represents the power of our actions.
What is cancer?
According to WHO, “Cancer is a large group of diseases that can begin in almost any organ or tissue of the body when abnormal cells grow uncontrollably, go beyond their usual boundaries to invade adjoining parts of the body and/or spread to other organs. The latter process is known as metastasizing and is a primary cause of death from cancer.”
The most common types of cancers
the most common types of cancer in men:
- Lung cancer,
- prostate cancer,
- colorectal cancer,
- stomach cancer
- and liver cancer
The most common among women.
- breast cancer,
- colorectal cancer,
- lung cancer,
- cervical cancer
- and thyroid cancer
How can we prevent cancer?
According to WHO, the risk of cancer can be lowered by:
- Don’t take tobacco.
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Eat a healthy diet, (include fruit and vegetables in your diet)
- Do physical activity on a regular basis
- Avoid consumption of alcohol
- Get vaccinated against HPV and hepatitis B
- Avoid ultraviolet radiation (Avoid excessive exposure to the sun and artificial tanning devices)
- Ensure safe and appropriate use of radiation in health care (for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes);
- Reduce exposure to outdoor, and indoor air pollution
Cancer Cases in India
India accounts for around 1.1 million new cases every year which is mostly related to Lung cancer and cancer of the oral cavity and it is a big cause of death among males. females suffer from breast cancer and cancer of the oral cavity.
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