HomeStatic GKDr. APJ Abdul Kalam Birth Anniversary: Biography, Quotes, Achievement, Awards

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Birth Anniversary: Biography, Quotes, Achievement, Awards

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Birth Anniversary: Biography, Quotes, Achievement, AwardsDr. APJ Abdul Kalam [Avul Pakir Jainuladbeen Abdul Kalam] was born on 15th October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was an Indian aerospace scientist and statesman who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). He was also known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missiles and launch vehicle technology.

  • Kalam became the 11th president of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the then-opposition Indian National Congress.
  • He was also referred to as the “People’s President”.
  • He was honoured with several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour.
  • Kalam died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83 during delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong.

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam: Biography

NameAvul Pakir Jainuladbeen Abdul Kalam
Born15th October 1931
Birth PlaceRameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Political PartyIND
Father’s NameJainuladbeen Marakayar
SchoolingSchwartz Higher Secondary School
Higher StudiesSaint Joseph’s College in Tiruchirapalli
ProfessionAerospace Scientist, Author
Political Career11th President of India
AwardsBharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan,
Padma Vibhushan, etc.
Died on27th July 2015
Death Reasoncardiac arrest
Death locationIndian Institute of Management Shillong
Resting PlaceDr. APJ Abdul Kalam Desiya Ninaivagam,
Pei Karumbu, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu

APJ Abdul Kalam at DRDO

Kalam started working as a scientist at the Defence Research and Development Organisation’s (DRDO) Aeronautical Development Establishment in 1960, following his graduation from the Madras Institute of Technology. Kalam was in charge of the country’s first satellite vehicle launch after being moved to ISRO in 1969.

Kalam was given the nickname “Missile Man” for the successful missiles he created as part of the DRDO programme in 1982. The first intermediate-range ballistic missile from India, Agni, was launched in 1989 and used SLV-III components.

He received the Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and the highly esteemed Bharat Ratna in 1997, for no other reason than his exceptional accomplishments in science and space research.

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam – Honours

  • United Nations decided to his birthday as World Students’ Day.
  • The government of Tamil Nadu announced that an award will be named after Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Award.
  • On 4 September 2015, Wheeler Island near the coast of the Indian state Orissa was renamed to honour the late Indian president, Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam as A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Island.

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Books

  • He authored various notable books including Wings of Fire, India 2020, Ignited Minds, Indomitable Spirit and Transcendence: My Spiritual Experiences with Pramukh Swamiji.
  • India 2020: A vision for the new millennium
  • Wings of Fire: An Autobiography
  • Guided Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life
  • Mission of India: A Vision of Indian Youth
  • Failure to Success: Legendary Lives
  • Spirit of India
  • My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions
  • Beyond 2020: A Vision for Tomorrow’s India
  • The Luminous Sparks: A Biography in Verse and Colours
  • Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power within India
  • Governance for Growth in India
  • Forge Your Future: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring
  • Transcendence My Spiritual Experience

Awards received by APJ Kalam:

  • Padma Bhushan (1981)
  • Padma Vibhushan (1990)
  • Bharat Ratna (1997)
  • Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration (1997)
  • Veer Savarkar Award (1998)
  • SASTRA Ramanujan Prize – Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy, India (2000)
  • Von Braun Award – National Space Society (2013)

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam: Awards and Achievements

  • APJ Abdul Kalam received 7 honorary doctorates from 40 Universities.
  • The Government of India gave him with Padma Bhushan in 1981 and a Padma Vibhushan in 1990 for his contribution and work with ISRO and DRDO.
  • In 1997, Kalam received the Bharat Ratna Award for his contribution to scientific research and the modernization of defence technology.
  • In 2013, he was honoured with the Von Braun Award from the National Space Society.
  • In 1997 he was also introduced with the Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration from the Indian National Congress.
  • In 2007, he obtained the King Charles II Medal from the Royal Society.

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