Daily Current Affairs (Eng)

Daily Current Affairs 16th December 2022

Daily Current Affairs 16th December 2022: Today GK Updates for Bank Exam – Here, you will find Daily Current Affairs events that will help you to get more marks in Banking, Insurance, SSC, Railways, UPSC, CLAT, and all State Government Exams. also, get Latest Current Affairs Quiz and Monthly Current Affairs 2022 PDF to crack your exams.

National

Centre awards nine GI tags to take total to 432, Kerala bags five

The centre govt has awarded nine GI tags including gamocha of Assam, Tandur red gram of Telangana, Raktsey Karpo apricot of Ladakh, and Alibag white onion of Maharashtra, have been given the coveted GI tag. Kerala state received five GI tags for its agricultural produce. Adding to the present collection of Geographical Indications (GIs), nine new items the total number of GI tags in India comes to 432.

  • The top five states that hold the maximum number of GIs are Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala. Of these, 401 are Indian-origin products.
  • Karnataka and Tamil Nadu have the highest number of GI tags, followed by Kerala (35), Uttar Pradesh (34), and Maharashtra (31).

Geographical Indications (GIs)

  • World Trade Organization (WTO) recognized GI Tags to denote the geographical territory from where a product, be it agricultural produce, natural product, or manufactured, conveys the assurance of quality, distinctiveness, and attributes that are unique to that specific geographic region/place of origin.
  • India enacted the Geographical Indications (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 after being a member of WTO.

New items got the GI Tag in India

  • Gamosa of Assam,
  • Tandur Red Gram of Telangana
  • RaktseyKarpo Apricot of Ladakh
  • Alibag White Onion of Maharashtra
  • Attappady Thuvara of kerala
  • Kanthalloor Vattavada Veluthulli of kerala
  • Kodungallur Pottuvellari of kerala

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Ko Kaam Karyakram (PMKKK) now named as Pradhan Mantri Virasat Ka Samvardhan (PM VIKAS) Scheme

The Minister of Minority Affairs, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani informed in the Lok Sabha that the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Ko Kaam Karyakram (PMKKK) has now been named as Pradhan Mantri Virasat Ka Samvardhan (PM VIKAS) Scheme. the Scheme converges five erstwhile schemes of the Ministry viz. Seekho aur Kamao, USTTAD, Hamari Dharohar, Nai Roshni and Nai Manzil.

  • Pradhan Mantri Virasat Ka Samvardhan (PM VIKAS) Scheme has been approved by the Cabinet for the period of the 15th Finance Commission.

Pradhan Mantri Virasat Ka Samvardhan (PM VIKAS) Scheme

  • The main objective of PM VIKAS is to improve livelihoods of the minorities, particularly the artisan communities, using the components of skill development, education, women leadership & entrepreneurship.
  • It also aims to increase the incomes of the beneficiaries and provide support by facilitating credit and market linkages.

IAF gets last of 36 rafale aircraft lands in India

The last of 36 Indian Air Force (IAF) Rafale fighter jets from France landed in India, completing the delivery of all the aircraft as part of the deal with the highest standards and equipping them with all the India-specific enhancements. India and France signed a deal for 36 Rafale planes and 35 of these were already delivered from France. Rafale planes are stationed at Ambala, Haryana, and Hasimara in West Bengal.

  • The 36th aircraft has been provided to the Indian side by France with all its spares and other parts replaced as it was being used for developmental activities.
  • On July 29, 2020, The first batch of Rafale jets arrived in India.

What is Rafale Jet

  • Rafale jet is a 4.5-generation aircraft and has long-range air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles along with advanced radar and electronic warfare capabilities.

International

Nevada’s wildflower (Tiehm’s buckwheat) become the endangered species

Rare wildflower Tiehm’s buckwheat has been designated as an endangered species announced by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Rare wildflower Tiehm’s buckwheat is only found in a portion of Esmeralda County.

About Tiehm’s buckwheat

  • Tiehm’s buckwheat is a small, perennial herb.
  • It grows to about 30 cm (12 in) across and up to 16 cm (6 in) tall with bluish-gray leaves, with only about 16,000 plants remaining.

Appointment

WHO appoints Jeremy Farrar as chief scientist

The World Health Organization has appointed Dr. Jeremy Farrar as its new chief scientist as it prepares for a post-pandemic future. Dr. Farrar will start the WHO in the second quarter of 2023 and will replace Soumya Swaminathan.

Who is Dr. Jeremy Farrar

  • Dr. Farrar is a clinician scientist.
  • He spent 17 years as Director of the Clinical Research Unit at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in Vietnam before joining the Wellcome Trust in 2013.
  • Jeremy will accelerate our efforts to ensure WHO as Chief Scientist.

Awards

World’s Top 10 Restoration Flagships Award

The United Nations (UN) recognized the Namami Gange initiative to rejuvenate India’s sacred River Ganga as one of the top 10 World Restoration Flagships to revive the natural world. Shri G. Asok Kumar, Director General, Namami Gange received this award at a function in the 15th Conference of Parties (COP15) to the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) in Montreal, Canada on 14th December 2022, the World Restoration Day.

  • The Namami Gange will now be eligible to receive UN support, funding, or technical expertise.
  • The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) also won the “Public Water Agency of the Year” in the Global Water Awards, 2019 by Global Water Intelligence 3.
  • The documentary ‘Ganga: River from the Skies’ co-produced with National Geographic India, received awards under 3 categories- Best Documentary, Best Current Affairs, and Best Natural History or Wildlife Programme- in the Asian Academy Creative Awards, 2022.

Karnataka bags National Energy Conservation Award 2022

The Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd (KREDL) wins the first prize in the State Designated Agency (SDA Group-1) sector at the National Energy Conservation Awards – 2022, which has been presented by the Union Ministry of Power. The National Energy Conservation Awards 2022 was conducted by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) as part of the ‘National Energy Conservation Day’ in New Delhi.

  • The President of India, Droupadi Murmu gave the award to Kumar Naik, Additional Chief Secretary, (Energy) to the Government of Karnataka, and KREDL Managing Director Rudrappaiah K P as an appreciation for the achievement in the field of energy conservation.

Indian Railways receives Nine National Energy Conservation Awards – 2022

  • South Central Railways won the first and second prizes for Energy Conservation Measures in the Railway Stations category.
  • First Prize was awarded to Kacheguda Station.
  • The second prize was awarded to Guntakal Railway station. Certificate of Merit has been awarded to Kanpur Central Railway Station (NCR), Rajahmundry Railway Station (SCR), and Tenali Railway station (SCR).

National Energy Conservation Awards 2022: Winners

Transport Category / Railway Stations Sector:

  • Kacheguda Railway Station won the First Prize
  • Guntakal Railway station won the Second Prize
  • Kanpur Central Railway Station won the certificate of Merit
  • Tenali Railway Station won the certificate of Merit
  • Rajahmudry Railway Station (SCR) won the certificate of Merit

Buildings Category / Government Buildings Sector:

  • Ajmer Workshop of North Western Railway won the First Prize.
  • Railway Hospital / Guntakal (SCR) won the certificate of Merit
  • Electric Traction Training Centre (ETTC), Vijayawada (SCR) won the certificate of Merit.
  • Divisional Railway Hospital, Pratapnagar (WR) won the certificate of Merit.

Defense

SURYA KIRAN -16 Joint Training Exercise

India and Nepal Armies will participate in a two-week mega military exercise called ‘Surya Kiran’ to boost interoperability in jungle warfare and counter-terror operations. The 16th Edition of the ‘Surya Kiran’ exercise will be held at the Army Battle School in Nepal’s Saljhandi area from 16 December 2022 to 29 December 2022.

  • ‘Surya Kiran’ exercise aims to enhance interoperability in jungle warfare and counter-terrorism operations in mountainous terrain.
  • The joint military exercise will enhance the level of defense cooperation which will further foster the bilateral relations between India and Nepal.

16th Edition of the ‘Surya Kiran’ exercise

  • From the Indian side, 5 Gorkha Rifles and Shree Bhawani Baksh Battalion from the Nepal side will join the exercise.
  • The joint exercise will focus on the evolution of combined drills for planning and conduct of tactical operations at the unit level in counter-terrorism operations and disaster response mechanisms in general and the role of armed forces in the management of disaster.

India-Kazakhstan joint military exercise “KAZIND – 2022” begins in Umroi, Meghalaya

The 6th Edition of Indo – the Kazakhstan joint training exercise “KAZIND-22” was started in Umroi (Meghalaya) from 15 to 28 December 2022. KAZIND-22” involves a Command Post Exercise (CPX) at the Battalion level and Company level Field Training Exercise (FTX) on sub-conventional operations. both countries’ forces will conduct a variety of missions ranging from joint planning, joint tactical drills, basics of special arms skills, HADR, and raiding a hostile target.

  • A joint annual training exercise with the Kazakhstan Army was initiated in 2016 as Exercise Prabal Dostyk.
  • It was later upgraded to a company-level exercise and renamed as Ex Kazind in 2018.

KAZIND-22: Purpose

  • KAZIND-22 exercise aims to build positive military relations and imbibe each other’s best practices.
  • It also promotes the ability to operate together while undertaking counter-terrorist operations in semi-urban / jungle scenarios, under a UN peace enforcement mandate.
  • This joint exercise will help in conducting combined tactical drills for neutralizing likely threats that may be encountered in UN peacekeeping operations.
  • two armies will train, plan and execute a series of combined tactical drills.
  • “Exercise called KAZIND” will help in boosting the level of defense cooperation between the Indian Army and the Kazakhstan Army which will further foster the bilateral relations between the two nations.

KAZIND-22:

  • From the Kazakhstan side, Army soldiers comprising troops from the Regional Command, and South and Indian Army soldiers from the 11 Gorkha Rifles will participate in the exercise.

Science & Technology

Jitendra Singh announces India’s first indigenously developed vaccine, “CERVAVAC” for the prevention of cervical cancer

Jitendra Singh has announced India’s first indigenously developed vaccine, “CERVAVAC” for the prevention of cervical cancer, which will be an affordable and cost-effective vaccine. Cervical cancer is the 2nd most prevalent cancer in India and is responsible for nearly one-fourth of the world’s cervical cancer deaths despite being largely preventable.

  • Every year, approximately 1.25 lakhs women are diagnosed with cervical cancer, and over 75 thousand die from the disease in India.
  • 83 % of invasive cervical cancers are attributed to HPVs 16 or 18 in India, and 70% of cases worldwide.
  • a vaccine called ‘Cervavac’ was developed entirely indigenously and will be introduced in April 2023.
  • the serum company will launch this product.
  • This vaccine will be administered to girls aged 9 to 14 years under the National Immunization Program.

What is CERVAVAC

  • CERVAVAC has been developed by DBT and BIRAC with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and has been supported by Serum Institute of India Private Limited for the indigenous development of quadrivalent vaccine through its partnership program ‘Grand Challenges India’.

Mission Covid Suraksha

  • Mission Covid Suraksha marks major achievements such as
  • (i) the World’s first DNA Vaccine for COVID-19 Development by Cadila Healthcare which received Emergency Use Authorization on 20 August 2021,
  • (ii) India’s first mRNA Vaccine and intranasal vaccine candidate Development against COVID-19.

key initiatives

  • Indo-US Vaccine Action Programme,
  • National Biopharma Mission,
  • Ind-CEPI Mission,
  • Mission COVID Suraksha

Sports

Women’s FIH Hockey Nations Cup 2022

The 2022 Women’s FIH Hockey Nations Cup is the 1st edition of the Women’s FIH Hockey Nations Cup, the annual qualification tournament for the Women’s FIH Pro League conducted by the International Hockey Federation. The tournament will be held at the Estadio Betero in Valencia, Spain from 11 to 17 December 2022.

Teams

  • Chile
  • India
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • South Africa
  • Spain

World Cup Football Finals 2022

The World Cup final will be held on December 18th, 2022 (Sunday), at 8.30 p.m. IST (1500 GMT). December 18 is Qatar National Day. The 22nd edition of the FIFA World Cup Final Match will be played in Lusail Iconic Stadium, which is 15 km north of central Doha and the largest venue for the tournament.

  • The final of the World Cup will be played between France and Argentina.

FINA World Swimming Championships 2022

The 16th FINA World Swimming Championship is being held from 13 to 18 December 2022 in Melbourne, Australia at the Melbourne Sports and Aquatic Centre. Swimming events are conducted in a 25-meter outdoor (short course) pool.

  • Prior to this, The Championship was to be held from 17 to 22 December 2022 at the Palace of Water Sports in Kazan, Russia, but, due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, The Championship was scheduled.
  • Lithuania’s Ruta Meilutyte topped the overall heats in 1 minute, 3.81 seconds.
  • Lara Van Niekerk of South Africa got second place with 1 minute 3.93 seconds, while Lilly King of the USA came third in 1 minute 3.94 seconds.

Important Days

Vijay Diwas 2022

Every year, Vijay Diwas is observed on December 16 in India to mark the historic military triumph over Pakistan in the 1971 War. the day is celebrated in remembrance of this glorious ceremony being held to honor our brave soldiers who gave their lives in the service of the country.

  • On 3 December 1971, A military conflict took place between India and Pakistan in East Pakistan and the Pakistan army surrendered in Dhaka on 16 December 1971.
  • The conflict exploded after Pakistan launched Operation Chengiz Khan, a preemptive aerial attack on 11 Indian air stations.
  • It was fought during the Bangladesh Liberation War.
  • On 16 December 1971, The Pakistani military Eastern Command signed the instrument of surrender, and the creation of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh happened.

72nd Sardar Patel’s death anniversary

December 15 is the death anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who served as the first Home Minister and among the chief architects of modern India. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was India’s first deputy Prime Minister and was popularly known as the ‘Iron Man of India’. Patel also played an important role in the Indian freedom movement, especially in unifying India post-independence.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Death Anniversary/ Punyatithi: 15 December

  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel died on December 15, 1950, in Bombay after suffering a massive heart attack.
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel served as the first deputy Prime Minister of India from 1947 to 1950. 
  • He also served as the acting Home Minister during the political integration of India post Independence and the 1947 Indo-Pakistani War.
  • Sardar Patel is called the Unifier of India due to the integration of all princely states into the Indian Union.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Statue- Statue of Unity

  • PM Narendra Modi inaugurated Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Statue- Statue of Unity on October 31, 2018, on his 143rd birth anniversary.
  • The Statue of Unity is the world’s tallest statue with a height of 182 meters.
  • It is located on the Narmada River in Kevadiya colony in Gujarat.

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