The day is dedicated to the discovery of the Raman Effect in the year 1928 as National Science Day. Dr. CV Raman is known as one of the greatest legends in India and became the first person to win the Nobel Prize in physics. He is always called the great Scientist, physicist, and Nobel Laureate.
Today, November 7 is the birth anniversary of Sir Chandrashekhar Venkata Raman, popularly known as CV Raman. He was born on November 7, 1888, in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu and belonged to a Tamil family.
He was 16 years old when he topped his undergraduate degree examination with Physics honours at the University of Madras and later achieved his MSc degree from the same university with the highest distinction. He was honoured with the Nobel Prize for the scattering of light and the Raman effect in 1930.
Interesting facts on the birth anniversary of CV Raman Birth Anniversary 2023:
CV Raman started his career as an Assistant Accountant General at the age of 19 and joined the Indian Finance Service in Kolkata.
In 1917, He left his government job and served as the offer of the Palit Chair of Physics at Calcutta University.
Dr. Raman became the first Indian, Asian and non-white person to receive a Nobel Prize for the sciences.
He served as the first Indian Director of the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Bangalore, in 1933. He also was appointed as the director till 1937 and the head of the physics department till 1948.
When he was studying for his graduation in the year 1906 Raman’s first research paper on the topic of diffraction of light was released.
He discovered experimenting with the scattering of light and then the Raman Spectroscopy for discovering vibrational, rotational, and other low-frequency modes.
In 1954, He received the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award.
He got retirement from the Indian Institute of Science in 1948 and formed the Raman Research Institute in Bengaluru in 1949. He was the director and was active till his death on November 21, 1970.
List of awards won by C.V. Raman:
- 1924: A Fellow of the Royal Society
- 1930: Nobel Prize in Physics
- 1941: Franklin Medal
- 1954: Bharat Ratna
- 1957: Lenin Peace Prize
- 1988: The American Chemical Society and the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science recognised his discovery as an International Historic Chemical Landmark.