HomeImportant DaysTurkish Republic’s 100th Anniversary Celebration

Turkish Republic’s 100th Anniversary Celebration

The Turkish Republic observed its 100th anniversary to highlight a century since its establishment as a modern, secular state following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The celebration was held with a fireworks and drone show in Istanbul and a procession of 100 naval ships. However, there was no grand gala reception.

The day was influenced by recent events, including a devastating earthquake that took 50,000 lives and the Israeli-Hamas conflict that led to restlessness in the Middle East.

President Erdogan Speech

President Erdogan followed a traditional protocol by laying a wreath at Ataturk’s mausoleum and talking with ambassadors and officials. Erdogan gave a speech in honour of the republic’s proclamation year.

Important facts about Turkey:


Location and Geography:

Turkey, officially the Republic of Türkiye is a transcontinental country and is situated at the juncture of Southeast Europe and West Asia. It borders eight countries, including Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. the Black Sea to the north; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq to the southeast; Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest. Cyprus is off the south coast.

Capital and Largest City:

Ankara is Turkey’s capital and second-largest city, and Istanbul is known as its largest city and economic and financial centre.

Official Language:

Turkish is the official language of Turkey.


Turkey holds a secular government and was established as a modern, secular republic by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1923 which took the place of the Ottoman Empire.


The currency of Turkey is the Turkish Lira (TRY).


  • Total – 783,562 km2 (302,535 sq mi) (36th)
  • Water (%) – 2.03 (2015)


December 2022 estimate – Neutral increase 85,279,553


GDP (PPP) – 2023 estimate

  • Total – $3.613 trillion
  • Per capita – $41,887

GDP (nominal) – 2023 estimate

  • Total – $1.154 trillion
  • Per capita – Increase $13,383

More about Turkey

  • Time zone – UTC+3 (TRT)
  • Date format – dd.mm.yyyy (CE)
  • Driving side – right
  • Calling code – +90
  • ISO 3166 code – TR
  • Internet TLD – .tr

Static Gk about Turkey

  • Government – Unitary presidential constitutional republic
  • President – Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
  • Vice President – Cevdet Yılmaz
  • Speaker of the Assembly – Numan Kurtulmuş
  • Chief Justice – Zühtü Arslan
  • Legislature – Grand National Assembly
  • Ottoman Empire – c. 1299
  • War of Independence – 19 May 1919
  • Government of the Grand National Assembly – 23 April 1920
  • Sultanate abolished – 1 November 1922
  • Treaty of Lausanne – 24 July 1923
  • Republic declared – 29 October 1923
  • Current constitution – 9 November 1982

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