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ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus 2023 PDF

ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus 2023 PDF – The ICSE class 10 Geography paper contains 80 marks, and the duration is 2 hours. Candidates will have to take a separate internal assessment of 20 marks. In this article, you will find the latest and revised ICSE Board Class 10 Geography Exam syllabus 2023.

ICSE Board Class 10 Geography Syllabus 2023

Interpretation of Topographical Maps

  • (a)Locating features with the help of a four-figure grid reference.(b)Definition of contour and contour interval. Identification of landforms marked by contours (steep slope, gentle slope, hill), triangulated height, spot height, benchmark, relative height/ depth. (c)Interpretation of colour tints and conventional symbols used on a topographical survey of India map. (d)Identification and definition of types of scale given on the map.Measuring direct distance and calculating area using the scale given therein. (e)Marking directions between different locations, using eight cardinal points. (f)Identify: Site of prominent villages and/or towns, types of land use / land cover and means of communication with the help of the index given at the bottom of the sheet.(g)Identification of drainage (direction of flow, left bank and right bank) and patterns(Dendritic, Trellis, and Radial); nature of streams. Settlement patterns (Scattered and Compact). (h)Identification of natural and man-made features

Map of India

  • On an outline map of India, candidates will be required to locate, mark and name the following: Mountains, Peaks and Plateaus: Himalayas, Karakoram, Aravali, Vindhyas, Satpura, Western and Eastern Ghats, Nilgiris, Mount Godwin Austin (K2), Mount Kanchenjunga. Deccan Plateau, Chota Nagpur Plateau.Plains: Gangetic Plains and Coastal plains – (Konkan, Malabar, Coromandel, Northern Circars). Desert: Thar (The Great Indian Desert)Rivers:Indus, Jhelum, Satluj, Ganga, Yamuna, Kosi, Chambal, Betwa, Damodar, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauveri, Tungabhadra.Water Bodies:Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat, Andaman Sea, Chilka Lake, Wular Lake.Passes: Karakoram, Nathu-La Passes.Latitude and Longitudes: Tropic of Cancer, Standard Meridian (82° 30’E).Direction of Winds: Southwest Monsoons (Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal Branches), Northeast Monsoons. Distribution of Minerals: Oil – Mumbai High (Offshore Oil Field); Iron – Singhbhum, Coal – Jharia.
  • 2 Soil Distribution – Alluvial, Black and Red Soil.Cities – Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Kochi, Prayagraj/ Allahabad.Population – Distribution of Population (Dense and sparse).



  1. Climate

Distribution of Temperature, Rainfall, winds in Summer and Winter and factors affecting the climate of the area. Monsoon and its mechanism. Seasons: March to May – Summer; June to September – Monsoon; October to November – Retreating Monsoon. December to February – Winter.

  1. Soil Resources
  • Types of soil (alluvial, black, red and laterite) distribution, composition and characteristics such as colour, texture, minerals and crops associated.
  • Soil Erosion – causes, prevention and conservation.
  1. Natural Vegetation
  • Importance of forests.
  • Types of vegetation (tropical evergreen, tropical deciduous, tropical desert, littoral and mountain), distribution and correlation with their environment.
  • Forest conservation.
  1. Water Resources
  • Sources (Surface water and ground water).
  • Need for conservation and conservation practices (Rainwater harvesting and its importance).
  • Irrigation: Importance and methods.
  1. Mineral and Energy Resources
  • Iron ore, Manganese, Copper – uses and their distribution.
  • Conventional Sources: Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas (distribution, advantages and disadvantages).
  • Hydel power (Bhakra Nangal Dam and Hirakud).
  • Non-conventional Sources: Solar, wind, nuclear and biogas (important areas and advantages).
  1. Agriculture
  • Indian Agriculture – importance, problems and reforms.
  • Types of farming in India: subsistence and commercial: intensive, extensive, plantation and mixed.
  • Agricultural seasons (rabi, kharif, zayad).
  • Climatic conditions, soil requirements, methods of cultivation, processing and distribution of the following crops:

– rice, wheat and pulses.

– sugarcane, oilseeds (groundnut and, mustard).

– cotton, jute, and tea.

  1. Manufacturing Industries

Importance and classification

  • Agro based Industry – Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk).
  • Mineral based Industry – Iron & Steel (TATA STEEL Rourkela) Petro Chemical and Electronics.
  1. Transport

Importance and Modes – Roadways, Railways, Airways and Waterways – Advantages and disadvantages.

  1. Waste Management
  • Need for waste management.
  • Methods of safe disposal – segregation, dumping and composting.
  • Need and methods for reducing, reusing and recycling waste.


Candidates will be required to prepare a project report on any one topic. The topics for assignments may be selected from the list of suggested assignments given below. Candidates can also take up an assignment of their choice under any of the broad areas given below.
Suggested list of assignments:
1. Local Geography:
(a) Land use pattern in different regions of India– a comparative analysis.
(b) The survey of a local market on the types of shops and services offered.
2. Environment:
Wildlife conservation efforts in India.
3. Current Geographical Issues:
Development of tourism in India.
4. Transport in India:
Development of Road, Rail, Water and Air routes.
5. List different type of industries in the States and collect information about the types of raw materials used, modes of their procurement and disposal of wastes generated. Classify these industries as polluting or environment friendly and suggest possible ways of reducing pollution caused by these units.
6. Need for industrialization in India, the latest trends and its impact on economy of India.
7. Visit a water treatment plant, sewage treatment plant or garbage dumping or vermicomposting sites in the locality and study their working.

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