World Mosquito Day 2021: History and Significance
Every year, World Mosquito Day is observed on 20 August to mark acknowledge and honor Sir Ronald Ross, a British doctor who discovered that female mosquitoes were responsible for the transmission of malaria in 1897.
- The main objective of this day is to raise awareness about the potentially life-threatening diseases caused by mosquitoes and the ways they could be prevented.
- Ross was honored with Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1902 and became the first British person to receive the award.
About Ronald Ross
- He was a British medical doctor who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1902 for his work on the transmission of malaria.
- He became the first British Nobel laureate.
- Ross discovered the malarial parasite in the gastrointestinal tract of a mosquito in 1897 proved that malaria was transmitted by mosquitoes.
- He was also a polymath, writing a number of poems and had released various novels and composed songs.
- He joined the faculty of Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and served as Professor and Chairman of Tropical Medicine of the Institute for 10 years.
- In 1926 he became Director-in-Chief of the Ross Institute and Hospital for Tropical Diseases.
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