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NSO report 2020: Women and Men in India


NSO report 2020: Women and Men in India

The National Statistical Office has published a report regarding Women and Men in India. the report highlights the crucial socio-economic indicators that portray the gender situation in India. National Statistical Office functions under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI).

  • The report is published annually by the MoSPI.

Population Statistics

  • It is estimated that the population of India in 2021 is 136.13 crores.
  • The sex ratio has risen to 943 in 2011 from 933 in 2001.
  • Delhi has the highest increase in the sex ratio. Chandigarh, Arunachal Pradesh got the 2nd and 3rd place in the term of highest sex ratio.
  • In the contrast, Daman and Diu registered for the highest decline in the sex ratio.

Health Statistics

  • females Fertility Rate (age group 25-29 years ) was 146.4.
  • The Infant Mortality Rate has come to 32 in 2018, before this, it was 39 in 2014.
  • The Maternal Mortality Rate also declined from 212 in the year 2007-09 to 113 in 2016-18.
  • The Adolescent Fertility Rate dropped to 12.2 in 2018 from 13 in 2017.
  • The HIV incidence also declined to 0.05 in 2019 from 0.07 in 2017 per 1000 people.

Education Statistics

  • The literacy rate of India increased from 73 in 2011 to 77.7 in 2017.
  • Rajasthan, Bihar, UP have the highest Gender gap in literacy rates.

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