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Indian Penal Code (IPC) – Chapters, Sections and Classification

Indian Penal Code (IPC) – Chapters, Sections and Classification – The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India and is a comprehensive code that covers all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted on the recommendations of the first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the chairmanship of Thomas Babington Macaulay. In 1862, It came into force in British India during the early British Raj period.

Indian Penal Code: History

  • In 1834, The draft of the Indian Penal Code was prepared by the First Law Commission, chaired by Thomas Babington Macaulay.
  • In 1835, It was submitted to the Governor-General of India Council.
  • In 1837, The first final draft of the Indian Penal Code was submitted to the Governor-General of India in Council.
  • In 1850, The drafting was completed and the Code was presented to the Legislative Council in 1856.
  • It was passed into law on 6 October 1860 and came into operation on 1 January 1862.

Indian Penal Code, 1860 (Sections 1 to 511)

ChapterSectionsClassification of offences
Chapter ISections 1 to 5Introduction
Chapter IISections 6 to 52General Explanations
Chapter IIISections 53 to 75Of Punishments
Chapter IVSections 76 to 106General Exceptions of the Right
of Private Defence (Sections 96 to 106)
Chapter VSections 107 to 120Of Abetment
Chapter VASections 120A to 120BCriminal Conspiracy
Chapter VISections 121 to 130Of offences against the state
Chapter VIISections 131 to 140Of Offences relating to the Army, Navy, and Air Force
Chapter VIIISections 141 to 160Of Offences against the Public Tranquility
Chapter IXSections 161 to 171Of Offences by or relating to Public Servants
Chapter IXASections 171A to 171IOf Offences Relating to Elections
Chapter XSections 172 to 190Of Contempts of Lawful; Authority of Public Servants
Chapter XISections 191 to 229Of False Evidence and Offence against Public Justice
Chapter XIISections 230 to 263Of Offences relating to coin and Government Stamps
Chapter XIIISections 264 to 267Of Offences relating to Weight and Measures
Chapter XIVSections 268 to 294Of offences affecting the Public Health,
Safety, Convenience, Decency and Morals
Chapter XVSections 295 to 298Of Offences relating to religion
Chapter XVISections 299 to 377Of Offences affecting the Human Body.
Of Offences Affecting Life including murder, culpable homicide (Sections 299 to 311)
Of the Causing of Miscarriage, of Injuries to Unborn Children,
of the Exposure of Infants, and of the Concealment of Births (Sections 312 to 318)
Of Hurt (Sections 319 to 338)
Of Wrongful Restraint and Wrongful Confinement (Sections 339 to 348)
Of Criminal Force and Assault (Sections 349 to 358)
Of Kidnapping, Abduction, Slavery and Forced Labour (Sections 359 to 374)
Sexual Offences including rape and Sodomy (Sections 375 to 377)
Chapter XVIISections 378 to 462Of Offences Against PropertyOf Theft (Sections 378 to 382)
Of Extortion (Sections 383 to 389)
Of Robbery and Dacoity (Sections 390 to 402)
Of Criminal Misappropriation of Property (Sections 403 to 404)
Of Criminal Breach of Trust (Sections 405 to 409)
Of the Receiving of Stolen Property (Sections 410 to 414)
Of Cheating (Section 415 to 420)
Of Fraudulent Deeds and Disposition of Property (Sections 421 to 424)
Of Mischief (Sections 425 to 440)
Of Criminal Trespass (Sections 441 to 462)
Chapter XVIIISection 463 to 489 – EOffences relating to Documents and Property Marks
Offences relating to Documents (Section 463 to 477-A)
Offences relating to Property and Other Marks (Sections 478 to 489)
Offences relating to Currency Notes and Bank Notes (Sections 489A to 489E)
Chapter XIXSections 490 to 492Of the Criminal Breach of Contracts of Service
Chapter XXSections 493 to 498Of Offences Relating to Marriage
Chapter XXASections 498AOf Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband
Chapter XXISections 499 to 502Of Defamation
Chapter XXIISections 503 to 510Of Criminal intimidation, Insult and Annoyance
Chapter XXIIISection 511Of Attempts to Commit Offences

Indian Penal Code: Frequently Asked Questions

What does IPC stand for?

IPC stands for Indian penal code.

Who made the Indian Penal Code?

The chairman of the first law commission Thomas Babington Macaulay drafted the Indian penal code. The draft was completed by 1834 and was presented to the Governor-General of India in 1835.

Who is the Father of Indian Modern Legal Education?

Dr Neelakanta Ramakrishna Madhava Menon is known as the Father of Indian Modern Legal Education.

When did the Indian penal code come into force?

The Indian penal code came into force on the 1st of January 1860 after many revisions and amendments.

What are the sections of the Indian penal code?

The Indian Penal Code of 1860, sub-divided into 23 chapters, comprises 511 sections.

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