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India Gets its First Dugong Conservation Reserve in Tamil Nadu

India Gets its First Dugong Conservation Reserve in Tamil Nadu – India’s first ‘Dugong Conservation Reserve’ has been notified in Tamil Nadu in Palk Bay covering the coastal waters of Thanjavur and Pudukottai districts with an area of 448 square kilometres.

  • The govt will set up a conservation reserve in the Palk Bay region off the coast of Tamil Nadu.
  • their population were only about 240 such Dugongs estimated to be present in the country.

About Dugongs

  • Dugongs are the largest herbivorous marine mammals in the world and are thrived primarily on seagrass beds, a major carbon sink of the oceans.
  • The population of Dugongs has declined due to habitat loss.
  • Dugongs are being protected under Schedule 1 of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.

List of protected areas of Tamil Nadu

Biosphere reserves

  • Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve: It was established in 1989
  • Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve: Established in 1986.
  • Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve: established in 2001

National parks in Tamilnadu –

  • Anamalai Tiger Reserve (formerly Aanamalai National Park, Indira Gandhi National Park): was established in 1989.
  • Mudumalai National Park: established in 1990.
  • Mukurthi National Park: established in 1982.
  • Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park: established in 1980.
  • Guindy National Park: established in 1976.
  • Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park

Wildlife sanctuaries in TamilNadu

  • Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Anamalai Tiger Reserve
  • Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
  • Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary: overlaps with Mudumalai National Park
  • Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary
  • Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Gangaikondan Spotted Deer Sanctuary
  • Cauvery North Wildlife sanctuary
  • Nellai Wildlife Sanctuary

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