114th Birth anniversary of Homi Jehangir Bhabha– Indian nuclear physicist Homi Jehangir Bhabha was born on 30 October 1909 in Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India (now Mumbai, Maharashtra, India). he is also known as the father of the Indian nuclear program. In this article, you will come to know about his 114th birth anniversary, must have a look at his major contributions, achievements and lesser-known facts about the renowned nuclear physicist.
Contributions of Dr. Bhabha
Dr. Bhabha initially concentrated on positron theory and cosmic ray physics. However, his interests grew with time and led to groundbreaking contributions in the fields of physics and mathematics.
- Bhabha Scattering: He described relativistic exchange scattering, which is now called ‘Bhabha Scattering.
- ’Bhabha-Heitler Theory: Dr Bhabha developed the theory of the production of electron and positron showers in cosmic rays, known as the ‘Bhabha-Heitler theory.
- ’Relativistic Time Dilation: He forecasted relativistic time dilation effects in the decaying of mesons.
Major Achievements by Dr Bhabha
- UN Conference on Atomic Energy: He headed the United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in the year 1955.
- President of IUPAP: Dr. Bhabha was appointed as the President of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics between 1960 and 1963.
- Adams Prize: In 1942, he was awarded the Adams Prize by the University of Cambridge.
- Padma Bhushan: The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 1954.
- Fellow of the Royal Society: He was identified as a Fellow of the Royal Society, London.
Interesting Facts About Dr. Bhabha
- He made contributions to the field of science and continues to inspire generations of young minds in the country.
- On 24 January 1966, Bhabha died when Air India Flight 101 crashed near Mont Blanc.
- Homi J Bhabha served as the founding director and professor of physics at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR).
- Homi J Bhabha was also the founding director of the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET).
- In 1942, Bhabha was honoured with the Adams Prize and Padma Bhushan in 1954.
- In 1951 and 1953–1956, Bhabha was also nominated for the Nobel Prize for Physics.
- In January 1933, Bhabha obtained his doctorate in nuclear physics after publishing his first scientific paper-“The Absorption of Cosmic Radiation”.
★★★★ You Can Also Read ★★★★
|Computer Awareness Quiz Questions Set (Banking)|
|Read Daily Current Affairs Topic Wise|
|Daily Current Affairs Quiz (Current GK Test)|
|Static Gk Quiz Questions and Answers|
For all the latest Updates, download PrepareExams App.